Whatever we have to do for our health, no matter the condition, or simply to maintain good health, one advice is always the same: drink a lot of water.
But is there such a thing as too much water? Because, yes, too much of anything can be bad for you, but really? Water?
It is good for rehydration. But when it exceeds the permissible consumption limits, it can make people sick.
There have been severe cases where the over-consumption of water had led to death. You may have been told to drink more and more water, but the outcome can be fatal when you disregard your actual body requirements. The phenomenon is called water intoxication.
When you drink too much water, you’re putting extra pressure to your body. How is that?
[ Read: Side Effects Of Drinking Hot Water ]
Let’s Have A Look At The Severe Side Effects Of Drinking Too Much Water:
1. Causes Hyponatremia:
The sodium content in the blood influences the functioning of the electrolytes. These electrolytes are responsible for sending signals to the cells which control various operations of the body. When you consume too much water, the sodium levels in the blood decrease. This stops the electrolytes from sending signals to the cells.
Hyponatremia is a disease caused due to insufficient levels of sodium in the blood. When the level of sodium falls below 135 mm per liter, it causes swelling in cells. The symptoms of this disease are nausea, vomiting, fatigue, excessive urination, disorientation, and headache. It is the worst outcome of drinking too much water as it may eventually lead to death. However, it is quite unusual and rare.
2. Overburdens The Heart:
You know how the heart performs the vital function of pumping blood through your entire body? Well, consuming too much water increases the volume of blood inside it. This causes unnecessary pressure on the blood vessels and the heart, leading to seizure in some cases.
3. Causes Damage To Glomeruli:
Glomeruli are capillary beds in our kidneys. They are our body’s filtering station for excreting excess water. Too much water can cause potential damage to this system, leading to serious health hazards. The kidneys have to work overtime to process all this unnecessary water that is beyond their normal filtering capacity (1000 ml per hour).
4. Causes Swelling Of Cells:
The excess of water makes your blood diluted. This means that the electrolytes in the blood are less concentrated than the ones in the cells. To maintain a balance in the concentration of electrolytes in the blood and the cells, water begins to flow into the cells. This results in swelling of cells, which is a dangerous condition.
5. Causes Brain Edema:
Swelling of brain cells and it’s just as bad as it sounds. Most cells in our body have room to stretch out, but our skull does not allow too much for the brain cells to be accommodated freely. When excess water in the blood vessels starts seeping into the brain cells, it causes swelling in the cells of the brain. This leads to severe conditions that include coma, brainstem herniation, and respiratory attack.