If you have a glance at our planet from space, you might realize how perfect it actually is. Frpm the position of the Sun, to the perfect conditions for life, the Earth has exactly what we as humans need to survive. If you thought you knew a lot about our planet, you might just be mistaken. There are so many things to discover yet that make our planet unique and special to us. There will always be new stuff to learn each day. Here are 15 strange things about planet Earth that you probably didn’t know before.
Bonus: In the above picture, many people originally thought that the Sphinx was a human face and a lion’s body but in reality, erosion caused the original face to break down and it was later restructuring and touching up that formed the face we know today.
1. The hottest place on planet Earth is Death Valley in California
Highest temperatures are as high as 56.7 degrees Celsius or 134 Fahrenheit. Burning, indeed!
2. The lowest temperature to have ever been recorded on Earth was at the Soviet Vostok Station in Antarctica.
On July 21, 1983, researchers recorded a temperature of -89.2 Celsius. At that temperature, you’ll get frostbite in less than a minute.
3. Every 450 thousand years, the Earth switches magnetic poles.
Interestingly, the south magnetic pole used to be the north one, until it switched. The next change is under 2000 years away!
4. Mount Everest may not be the highest mountain in the world.
While most people regard Mount Everest as the tallest one, it really depends on how you measure it. If you measure a mountain from base to mountaintop, then Mauna Kea in Hawaii would be the tallest one.
5. The largest meteorite to have landed on Earth was found in Namibia, Africa
Surprisingly, it weighs 66 tons! What’s more interesting is that it did not break upon impact. People estimate that it landed on Earth more than 80,000 years ago.
6. The Tyrannosaurus Rex might not be as fast as we see in movies.
Scientists now claim that the T-Rex can run between 15 to 25 miles per hour. It’s in fact much slower than some people can run.
7. The oceans on Earth are the most unexplored places on Earth.
As of now, the deepest area ever discovered is known as the Mariana’s Trench.
It is located in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Japan. The Mariana’s Trench, or the Challenger Deep is more than ten kilometers deep. Amazing!
8. The McMurdo Dry Valleys is the driest place on Earth.
This piece of land is located in Antarctica, but without any ice or snow. As a matter of fact, it hasn’t rained for over 2 million years over there, which is amazing!
9. The oldest fossils found are around 3.5 billion years old.
Believe it or not, these are not of plants nor animals. They are of bacteria!
10. The Earth’s atmosphere is divided into different layers.
The Carmen Line is the sky you see and that is about 62 kilometers from the Earth.
However, there is more than meets the eye. There are four more layers, also getting larger and thinner as you go up.The last one is called the exosphere and it is the highest you can go without leaving Earth’s gravitational pull. That’s where many of the satellites end up.
11. The Dead Sea is the lowest land point of the world.
It actually lies around 430 meters below sea level. Its location is the borders of Israel, Palestine, and Jordan.
Interestingly, the water is almost 10 times (9.6) saltier than normal seawater. That’s why it’s the perfect touristic place for tourists to lounge, sunbathe and relax without the fear of aquatic predators.
11. The oldest religious construction found on Earth is known as Gobekli Tepe.
It was found in Turkey and it is estimated to be over 10,000 years old. This makes it older than the pyramids and Stonehenge.
It has T-shaped pillars (people believe these resemble humans because of the extremities at the ends) and carvings of scenes and animals. Gobekli Tepe is probably at least 12,000 years old, which makes it the oldest temple in the world.
13. There is a lot more to be discovered.
It is estimated that there are approximately 5 to 10 million species in the world.
However, humans have only discovered and named about ten to fifteen percent of the estimated amount of total species. Isn’t that amazing and terrifying at the same time? Additionally, it is estimated that only 10 percent of the ocean has been truly explored.
14. The smallest mammal in length is the Kitti’s Hog-nosed bat.
It is only 1.1 to 1.3 inches long and weighs only two grams! These ‘bumblebee bats’ were found in caves in Thailand and Burma in the early 1900’s and they were cuties!
15. There are two kinds of auroras on Earth.
You are probably aware of the Northern Lights or the Aurora Borealis. However, you may not have heard about the Southern Lights. The Southern Lights also called the Aurora Australis and they can be best seen in Antarctica. Also, you can sometimes see them in New Zealand and Australia. The Northern Lights can be best seen in Iceland or Norway as well as in northern Canada.
Here are some more interesting facts about our planet in the past and now.