21 Influential Psychological Experiments That Explain Human Behavior • MetDaan

21 Influential Psychological Experiments That Explain Human Behavior

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Humans are complex and complicated and human behavior is a riddle. We always try to make sense of our actions and understand the reasons for our behavior. Experimental psychology it’s a relatively new branch of psychology and it examines relationships between human behavior and the mind. In other words, it explores every facet of the human experience.
To understand our behavior better carefully controlled studies carried out in the name of experimental psychology have been conducted over the years. Some of them were keeping within the confines of ethical and practical guidelines. However, others pushed the boundaries of the field and created controversies that still linger to this day.

Here are some of the most famous and mind-twisting psychology experiments compiled by Bored Panda. These interesting experiments are sure to make us think twice about what we really know about ourselves as human beings.

1. A class divided experiment first conducted in in 1968 by a third grade teacher in Riceville, Iowa, to reinforce the unfairness of discrimination and racism.

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2. The piano stairs experiment conducted in Stockholm, Sweden to see if people would chose the stairs instead of the escalators if they are painted as piano keys.

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3. Smoke filled room experiment to see how people would react in a room full of smoke

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4. The violinist in the metro experiment, to see if people would recognize a famous pianist performing in a metro.

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5. Robbers cave experiment to test the realistic conflict theory.

It’s a theory that explains why people develop prejudice and negative stereotype towards other social groups.

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6. Carlsberg social experiment conducted by the Danish brewery Carlsberg, to show why people shouldn’t always judge a book by its cover.

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7. Car crash experiment conducted by Loftus and Palmer to prove that if you are wording questions a certain way, it could twist person’s memories of a specific event.

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8. The Milgram experiment  conducted in 1961 by psychologist Stanley Milgram.

He wanted to see how far people will go to obey authority figures, even if what they were told to do was harmful to others.

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9. The marshmallow test experiment where children were given a treat.

If they ate it right away they won’t get another one. If they resist to eat it, they are rewarded with a second treat.

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10. False consensus experiment to demonstrate that no matter what our opinions are we want to believe that the majority of other people agree with us.

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12. Bobo doll experiment conducted in 1961 by Albert Bandura to prove that humans learn how to behave by social imitation and copying.

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13. Kitty Genovese case to explain the bystander effect.

It happens when the presence of others discourages an individual from helping someone in need.

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14. Hawthorne effect experiment to study the effects of physical conditions on productivity.

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15. The “Monster” study  conducted by a a speech pathologist to prove that some theories about the causes of stuttering were wrong.

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16. The Facebook experiment to prove the power of social media

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17. The asch conformity experiment to show why people agree with the answers of the majority even if they are incorrect.

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18. Halo effect experiment to show how a person’s judgment of one characteristic affects
their judgment of other characteristics.

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19. Fantz’s looking chamber to show that people are born with a definite preference for viewing human faces.

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20. Learned helplessness experiment  to show that a human or an animal won’t try to get out of a negative situation if their past has taught them that they are helpless.

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21. Cognitive dissonance experiment conducted in 1959 to explain that people have different cognitions about their world and sometimes they clash causing tension.

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Source: Boredpanda

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