Doctors are still puzzled how this disease appeared in the US and who was patient Zero, but luckily now they know much more about HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus). It is a virus that adversely affects the immunity of a person and usually attacks and destroys the CD4 cells that protect our body from illnesses and boost immunity. When this happens, it can also lead to AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) which is the last stage of an HIV infection.
If you have engaged in any high risk behaviour, such as unprotected sex or sharing needles then even without symptoms you should get checked regularly.
HIV symptoms can be different from person to person. Also, there are cases when there are no symptoms at all. If not treated on time, the condition of the patient will worsen, and the immune system will be damaged. Luckily some very common symptoms can be an indication that you need to visit your doctor as soon as possible.
1. Sore Throat
This symptom starts when the body starts reacting to the infection caused by the virus. A sore throat is one of the early symptoms you must not ignore especially if it’s followed by mouth ulcers or an ulcer on the esophagus. If you ignore it in the later stages, the condition might worsen since it attacks the immune system. If you are suffering from chronic diseases, consult your doctor immediately.
If you have a fever after having unprotected sex, you should visit your doctor. Also if you experience symptoms of flu, even a low-grade fever will not be cured after taking medication.
Headaches which are becoming chronic migraines are also a very common symptom. If you’re suffering from a migraine for 10-15 days continuously, it is a chronic migraine. According to research, around 50% of people who are infected with HIV are experiencing headache whereas 28% of patients suffer from a chronic migraine.
A dry and persistent cough that usually doesn’t go away with antibiotics or medication can be another early symptom of an HIV infection.
5. Swelling Of Lymph Nodes
Swelling of the lymph nodes, in the neck, underarms, and groin region, can be an initial sign of infection caused by HIV.