Dark Spots Causes And How To Treat Them At Home

Dark spots, age spots, discoloration, hyperpigmentation no matter what you call it, can be pretty annoying to look at. Although we’re familiar with dark spots on face, they are quite common on shoulders, the back of the hands, arms, but it’s no strange to see dark spots on legs as well. Generally, they appear on body parts that are more exposed to the sun. These spots are usually light, dark brown or black in color and most of the times are harmless.

Since people with darker skin color have a larger amount of melanin (the pigment that gives color to our skin), the possibility is higher for them to get dark spots formed. Also, it is quite common for dark spots to mostly appear on people who are over 40.

Now, it’s hard to erase dark spots overnight, but it’s not impossible to get back to your skin’s natural radiance with patience and treatments. There are various creams that one could use after consulting the dermatologist, but there are also some home remedies that you could try without the need to step out from your home.

Dark Spots
Photo Credit: Tetra Images/Getty Images

Related: What Causes Dark Spots On Face?

Dark Spots Causes

In order for us to prevent dark spots to pop up in the future, it’s crucial to know the causes behind them. Once you learn the causes, you learn how to prevent them. But just in case dark spots are newly formed, in this article we offer you some home remedies that can lighten and reduce them.

Skin Injuries or Inflammation

When various injuries or inflammations of the skin occur such as cuts, surgery, burns, acne, insect bites, the skin can darken into those parts and remain like that even after the wounds are healed.

Sun Exposure and Old Age

Sunlight triggers melanin to get more produced and it is the main source of UV rays. However, dark spots can also appear from an artificial source of UV rays, such as tanning beds. It is recommended that after people reach middle age to use sun-protective measures when they go out. Applying protective sunscreen to your skin is an option. Dark spots usually appear on people over 40, but this doesn’t mean that they can’t appear to younger ages. As people get older, the skin cells do not reproduce as quickly as they normally do, and the skin usually starts to produce more melanin, as a way of protecting the skin from UV rays. 

Hormone Imbalance

The influence of hormones on dark spots can vary but they usually take place in women during pregnancy. Fluctuation in the production of hormones like estrogen and progesterone during birth control pills, pregnancy or menopause can boost production of melanin and therefore cause dark spots to appear on women’s skin.
Dark Spots
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Dark Spots Remedies



Since lemon is rich in Vitamin C, it has proven to lighten dark spots on the skin. The procedure is simple.

  • Take the juice of a lemon.
  • Dip a cotton ball on it.
  • Rub the affected areas on your skin with that juice.
  • Leave it for some minutes until it dries and rinse the area with cold water.

For better results, practice this method 3 times a week, until you notice that the dark spots you had are already lightened or are totally gone.

Red Onions

Red onions can be another solution to help you treat the dark spots almost effortlessly. The process goes like this:

  • Take an onion, and blend until it becomes juice.
  • Take a Q-tip and dip it into the juice then apply to the darkened areas of your skin.
  • Leave to rest on your skin for 10-15 minutes and rinse off with warm water.

Commit to staying consistent in your application of onion in your black spots and soon you will see dark spots fading away from your skin.

Aloe Vera

It’s been a long time now that we have witnessed aloe vera for skin conditions. It has proven to have effects on preventing and lightening dark spots as well.

  • Take a leaf from aloe vera plant, and take the gel out of it.
  • Apply the aloe vera gel directly on the dark spots for like 20-30 minutes.
  • Rinse it with lukewarm water.

For better effects be committed to your regimen every day, for a longer period of time.

Dark Spots
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Honey has been used in various cultures for medical and cosmetic purposes for a long time now. This because honey isn’t only a great moisturizer and cleanser of the skin but is also an efficient exfoliator for healthy skin. StyleCraze suggests to:

  • Mix one tablespoon of honey with 2 tablespoons of tomato juice.
  • Blend the ingredients and apply the paste to the dark spots with the help of cotton balls.
  • Leave until it dries and wash the mixture with warm water.

For better results use organic honey and try to do this two times a day.



Buttermilk is another home ingredient that helps one to lighten dark spots. The lactic acid that buttermilk contains helps remove dead skin cells from your face.

  • Get some raw buttermilk, and put it on a bowl.
  • Use a cotton ball to apply it directly on dark spots.
  • Leave it for 20 minutes and wash it off with warm water.

Apply the procedure daily, for better results.


Some more tips:

  • Since dark spots can get worse with time, it’s good to try and treat them immediately after you notice them.
  • If your dark spots are fairly new, you can also use a good exfoliating scrub as it can help remove them away.

In none of the recommended methods and tips don’t work, contact your dermatologist and hopefully, you will soon have a spot-fee skin like you always wanted.


Disclaimer: The contents of this article: text, graphics, images, and other materials contained are strictly for informational purposes only. The Content is NOT intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical diagnosis, advice, or treatment. Please ALWAYS seek the advice of a qualified health provider with all the questions that you have related to, or about, a medical condition.