The butterfly-shaped thyroid gland is an endocrine gland in the neck that consists of two lobes connected by an isthmus. It produces hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) as well as calcitonin that influence your metabolic rate, brain development, and function, sleep, menstrual cycle and heart rate. If the thyroid is malfunctioning it can overproduce or underproduce these hormones which are known as hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism.
These conditions can lead to gaining weight or losing weight. It can also cause restlessness, irregular periods as well as depressions and underdeveloped brain.
Stylecraze has compiled a list of foods that can help you normalize the normalize the thyroid function gradually and have no side effects. So, scroll down and learn which foods you should eat and which ones you should avoid if you are suffering from hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.
Foods you should eat in order to threat hypothyroidism
1. Iodized salt
The iodine is needed for the production of the thyroid hormone, according to the American Thyroid Association., and its deficiency can lead to hypothyroidism. So, since your body can’t produce iodine naturally, you should consume more iodine-rich foods. One of the best way to do so is to consume iodized salt.
2. Brazil nuts
Scientists discovered that the Brazil nut supplementation improves thyroid hormone levels since Brazil nuts are a great source of the mineral selenium. It helps catalyze the conversion of the inactive thyroid hormone to the active form as well as in reducing inflammation. It is safe to consume to eight Brazil nuts daily.
Fish are rich in selenium that keeps the thyroid hormone kicking and omega-3-fatty acids which help lower LDL cholesterol. Salmon, sardine, and tuna are the perfect choice to counteract hypothyroidism.
4. Bone broth
The bone broth is rich in amino acids glycine and proline which help repair the digestive lining and also improve hypothyroidism. Toss some veggies and consume a cup of this bone broth for lunch or dinner.
5. Veggies and fruits
The fruits and the colorful or green leafy veggies contain a lot of minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants, as well as dietary fiber. However, be careful since a few veggies and fruits can hinder the production of the thyroid hormones and are known as goitrogens. Some of the veggies like the spinach, kale, broccoli, soybean or cauliflower are goitrogens.
Rich in iodine, B vitamins, riboflavin, and pantothenic acid, the seaweed like nori and kelp can help treat hypothyroidism. They also uplift the mood and prevent lethargy. You should consume up to 150 mcg of seaweed per day.
Cheese, yogurt and low-fat milk are a great source of iodine and selenium which help in boosting the thyroid hormone production. These foods also contain amino acid tyrosine which helps combat the symptoms of hypothyroidism such as depression and fatigue.
8. Beef and chicken
The function of the thyroid can be also boosted by providing the body with required amounts of zinc. It is contained mostly in chicken and beef. It can help convert triiodothyronine to thyroxine which is really important since triiodothyronine is the inactive form while T4 or thyroxine is the active form of the thyroid hormone.
Rich in iodine, the eggs as well can help alleviate hypothyroidism. You can consume two whole eggs daily. They are also rich in fat-soluble vitamins and other nutrients that are helpful for your body.
Shrimps and lobsters are a great source of iodine and zinc, which can help boost the production of the thyroid hormone. You can consume up to 3 oz shellfish in order to improve your thyroid levels.
11. Olive oil
Rich in healthy fats and nutrients, olive oil helps to boost the thyroid hormone levels.Also, it helps in lowering LDL cholesterol. Consume up to 10 tablespoons of olive oil daily.
Consume ground flax seeds with your smoothie or breakfast cereal since they are rich in omega-3 fatty acids, zinc, selenium, and iodine. You should consume 2-3 tablespoons ground flax seed powder and 2 tablespoons flax seed oil every day.
Legumes are a great source of zinc and iodine. Consume beans, lentils, chickpeas or bean sprouts in order to boost your thyroid gland hormone production.
14. Fiber-rich foods
If you are suffering from hypothyroidism, it is possible that you are also suffering from indigestion or constipation, so you should include fiber-rich foods in your diet, such as papaya, cooked green leafy veggies, and gluten-free whole grains
Drink three to four liters of clean water on a daily basis since it helps you to hydrate and flush out the toxins.
These were the 15 foods you should consume if you are suffering from hypothyroidism. Here’s your diet chart.
Foods you should avoid in order to treat hypothyroidism
In order to treat hypothyroidism you should avoid the following foods:
- Gluten containing foods
- High-sugar foods
- Raw or half-cooked green leafy veggies or cruciferous veggies
- Junk food and processed foods since they have a truckload of sodium but no iodine or nutritional value.
- Green tea
Foods to eat in order to treat hyperthyroidism
Hyperthyroidism, the condition caused by overproducing the thyroid hormone, can lead to increased heart rate, anxiety, weight loss as well as irregular periods, bulging eyes and insomnia. These are some of the foods you should consume if you are suffering from this condition, apart from your doctor prescribed medicines.
1. Raw fruits and veggies
If your thyroid is overproducing the thyroid hormones you need raw cruciferous veggies or leafy greens which are goitrogens and they inhibit the production of the thyroid hormones. You should consume spinach, kale, bok choy, cabbage, lettuce, carrot, cauliflower, radish, broccoli, spinach as well as tomato, apple, berries, kiwi, orange, lemon and so on.
2. Millets and brown rice
Brown rice and millets are rich in dietary fiber, vitamins, and minerals. You should consume up to one cup of brown rice or millets daily in order to suppress the overproduction of the thyroid hormone.
3. Lean proteins
Hyperthyroidism often leads to an increased appetite and since proteins take much longer to digest, they will keep you full for longer.
4. Green tea
Scientists have discovered anti-thyroid activity in green tea due to the presence of fluoride. Consume up to two cups of green tea daily.
Anti-inflammatory in nature, oregano, basil and rosemary can help you alleviate the problem of hyperthyroidism.
You should avoid these foods in order to treat hyperthyroidism
- Milk and milk products.
- Packaged or artificially flavored and colored foods
- Iodine, zinc, and selenium-rich foods like shellfish or oysters
- Eggs, seaweed and Brazil nuts