Nausea 101: Causes, Prevention, And Treatment Methods

Many of us have been plagued by the unpleasant sensation on the stomach that gives us the urge to vomit, known as nausea. Nausea can be a result of various causes, and different methods can be used to control or relieve nausea, besides anti-medications.

Nausea is often accompanied by vomiting; the forcible voluntary or involuntary emptying of stomach contents through the mouth. Despite not being painful, nausea can be a debilitating symptom if prolonged and can cause discomfort on the upper abdomen, back of the throat, or chest.

The reason behind nausea is to discourage a person or animal from repeating whatever is causing the unpleasantness, thus evoking revulsion towards whatever was eaten before vomiting it up – even if it was not the trigger who caused nausea.

When talking about the factors which trigger nausea, there are many possible conditions eliciting it. The most common nausea causes, however, are motion sickness, dizziness, food poisoning, migraine, fainting, low blood sugar, or gastroenteritis (stomach infection). However, nausea can also be a side effect of many medications including chemotherapy, or morning sickness in early pregnancy.

To know more about nausea causes, how to prevent nausea and vomiting, and which are the best natural treatment methods you can use to alleviate nausea, join me below.

Photo Credit: Katarzyna Bialasiewicz / Getty Images

Nausea causes

The reason behind nausea is behind the protective mechanism our bodies have evolved to protect themselves from any internal or external ‘threat’, including everything toxic we may eat. Say, if we ingest something that may cause harm in our bodies, there are many triggers that give us the urge to vomit. Those triggers may range from problems related directly to the digestive tract to problems related to the brain. Most common ones include the followings:

– Motion sickness or seasickness
– Overeating or eating certain foods, such as spicy or high-fat foods
– Early stages of pregnancy
– A reaction to certain smells or odors
– Emotional stress (such as fear)
– Medication-induced vomiting
– Intense pain
– Concussion or brain injury
– Gallbladder disease
– Ingestion of toxins or excessive amounts of alcohol


There are many more factors that may trigger nausea, which you can see here: Nausea Causes And When To Seek Medical Help


Nausea prevention

Nausea can be prevented by:

– Eating slowly
– Avoiding hard-to-digest foods
– Eating small meals throughout the day instead of large meals
– Avoiding too hot foods as you can become nauseated from the smell of it
– Resting after eating and keeping your head elevated about 12 inches above your feet
– Drink at least six to eight glasses of water to prevent dehydration
– Drink liquids between meals instead during eating e meal.


Vomiting prevention

If you are already nauseous, you can prevent vomiting by consuming small amounts of clear, sweetened liquids such as fruit juices (except orange and grapefruit because of their acidity), soda pop, and popsicles. Resting in a sitting position or in a propped lying position may also help in preventing vomiting. Therefore, it is recommended to avoid any activity while you are feeling nauseous.

If your nausea is due to motion sickness, especially for children, it is suggested to seat them in such position so they face the front windshield, as watching fast movement out the side windows can worsen nausea.

Another useful thing to have in mind is to avoid consuming too many snacks and not serving sweet snacks with regular soda pop. Eating and playing at the same time may also trigger vomiting, so encourage them to take a break during their snack time.

Photo Credit: Katarzyna Bialasiewicz / Getty Images

Nausea treatment

Apart from medications, there are many natural methods that can help you relieve nausea, without any side effect. So, when trying to control nausea, you might want to try the followings:

1. Control your breathing
2. Try acupuncture or acupressure
3. Eat ginger
4. Eat a slice of lemon
5. Aromatherapy
6. Peppermint
7. Drinking clear or ice-cold drinks

Learn in detail about nausea treatment methods here: Nausea Treatment: The Best Natural Methods To Alleviate Nausea


When to seek medical help?

Despite being our body’s protective instinct, nausea may sometimes indicate a dangerous condition and needs to be evaluated by a doctor.

This said, it is recommended to seek medical help if you experience nausea for more than one day, according to WebMD. You should also check for signs of dehydration, diarrhea, and prolonged vomiting (more than 24 hours).

If your child is under six years old, it is advised to take them to the doctor if vomiting lasts more than a few hours, there are signs of dehydration, diarrhea, and fever, or the child hasn’t urinated for 4-6 hours.

Whereas, if your child is over six years old, you should send them to a doctor if vomiting and diarrhea lasts one day, there is a fever higher than 101 degrees, signs of dehydration are present, or the child hasn’t urinated for 6 hours.

If, however, you notice blood in the vomit, you experience severe headache or stiff neck, confusion, lethargy, decreased alertness, abdominal pain, or rapid breathing or pulse, you should seek immediate medical help.


See also: Nausea And Headache: Causes And Prevention Methods



Disclaimer: The contents of this article: text, graphics, images, and other materials contained are strictly for informational purposes only. The Content is NOT intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical diagnosis, advice, or treatment. Please ALWAYS seek the advice of a qualified health provider with all the questions that you have related to, or about, a medical condition.