Understanding Skin Types And Skin Care Routines

When it comes to taking good care of your skin, it’s important to know what skin type you have. Instead of trying out different cleansers and moisturizers until you find the right one, it’s much easier to simply understand the science behind your skin. This way you’ll save yourself the time, struggle and money from experimenting. In this article, we’ll cover everything you need to know about different skin types and the best skin care routine for each of them.

skin types

There are five main skin types: normal, dry, oily, combination and sensitive. Your skin type is determined by your genetic predispositions but it’s also heavily influenced by your eating habits and lifestyle. Below you can find out more about each skin type and the best way to take care of them. Keep in mind that your skin type may change over time due to a number of factors such as aging, exposure to sun, usage of chemical products, eating habits etc. Read on to determine which skin type you have so you can start taking care of it properly.


Normal Skin Type

A well-balanced skin (not too oily and not too dry) is usually referred to as a normal skin. The scientific term for it is eudermic. Normal skin has a soft texture, even tone, fine pores and is not prone to sensitivity. However, that does not mean it never gets a bit oily or dry every now and then, but it means that treating it is no big deal.

The overall sebum-moisture percentage is very well balanced which is why blemishes and breakouts occur rarely. In general, this type of skin is usually blemish-free and doesn’t feel oily and dry at the end of the day. If you have this type of skin, consider yourself very lucky because it’s less maintenance than other skin types.

normal skin type

How to take care of normal skin?

Since the normal skin type has a good amount of sebum oil, it doesn’t need much work to stay balanced and hydrated. A simple water-soluble cleanser and an antioxidant-filled toner will do the trick to keep it healthy and glowing. Light lotions and serums are usually ideal for this type of skin.


Dry Skin Type

This type of skin is characterized with small, almost invisible, pores and overall tightness. This type of skin produces less sebum than normal skin, so it lacks the oils that it needs to keep its moisture and to protect from external elements. It has a dull and rough complexion, less elasticity, red patches and more visible lines throughout the face. In some cases, people with this type of skin also experience flaking. Dry skin varies from ‘mildly dry skin’ all the way to ‘extremely dry skin’, and it tends to be more common among older people.

dry skin type


How to take care of dry skin?

As you might have figured it out by now, moisturizing is the key factor in skin care for dry skin. Smooth and nourishing lotions or creams work best for this type of skin. Use gentle cleansers and soaps, avoid scrubbing and try to keep your baths and showers as short as possible. Steam and hot water remove the oil from your skin which is why prolonged baths and showers can dry out your skin even further!


Oily Skin Type

Oily skin is characterized with large and clearly visible pores, a glossy shine and thicker pale skin. As the name suggests, this type of skin produces higher amounts of sebum, the oil which keeps the skin soft and moisturized. This excess oil expands the skin’s pores which can result in their clogging, also known as pimples. This is why those with oily skin are more prone to blackheads, whiteheads, blemishes and other types of acne breakouts.

oily skin type

How to take care of oily skin?

People with this type of skin should carefully and lightly exfoliate with a salicylic acid-based exfoliator. Doing so will remove the dead skin cells which usually result in pore blockages which cause acne blemishes. Liquid and gel formulas work best to minimize the oil appearance. Keep away from heavy creams and emollients as they contain a lot of oil. Make sure to opt for the ‘noncomedogenic’ versions of the skin care and makeup products you use. The noncomedogenic label means it doesn’t clog pores.


Combination Skin Type

Combination skin is characterized with two or more different skin types on the face. This means some parts of the face might be flaky and dry, while the other parts might be quite oily. Combination skin is the most common skin type since the amount of oil-producing glands varies in different parts of the face, the most common place being the nose. This type of skin is usually marked with the T-zone: oily around the forehead, nose, and chin, and dry around the cheeks.

combination skin type

How to take care of combination skin?

Since people with combination skin have different features around different areas of their face, it’s best to use different products on them. Use a heavier moisturizer around the cheek area and other parts of the skin that feel dry, and use a lighter moisturizer around the T-zone. Alcohol-free toners and gel cleansers work best for the oily areas, and light serums and moisturizers work best on the dry areas. Exfoliating should also an essential part of your skin care routine. Removing the dead cells which clog the pores prevents breakouts around the oily zones and stops them from spreading around the dry ones.



Read also: Everything You Need To Know About Blackheads